Implementing Best Practices For Selenium Mobile Testing on Real Devices


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Selenium Mobile Testing

Ensuring the best performance of your applications across diverse devices and platforms is important. Selenium offers an effective framework for mobile testing. It’s crucial to implement best practices created for real device testing to truly use its potential. This blog lets us explore a step-by-step approach to mastering Selenium mobile testing on real devices.

Best Practices For Selenium Mobile Testing

Implementing best practices for Selenium mobile testing on real devices involves a combination of strategies and techniques to ensure efficient and reliable testing. Let us get started!

Device Selection

Diversity is key to ensuring effective coverage of different user scenarios when selecting devices for Selenium mobile testing. Choose devices that span various operating systems, such as iOS and Android, and include different versions to account for platform fragmentation. Incorporate various devices with different screen sizes and resolutions to validate the responsiveness and layout of your application across different form factors.

Consider devices from various manufacturers to account for hardware-specific quirks and optimizations. You can identify potential compatibility and user experience variations in the diverse user base by including a diverse set of real devices in your testing. This ensures that your mobile application is thoroughly tested under real-world conditions, helping to deliver a consistent experience across all devices and platforms 911proxy.

Test Environment Setup

To set the test environment, follow the process mentioned below

Hardware and Software Configuration

  • A dedicated testing infrastructure should be installed with hardware resources like computers, servers, and mobile devices.
  • Make sure that the hardware specifications serve the requirements of your test cases.
  • Set up and configure the operating system and software essentials like automated testing frameworks, mobile device emulators, and browsers.

Network Configuration

  • Configure the network environment to simulate real-world conditions, including latency and connectivity fluctuations.
  • Utilize network emulation tools or proxy servers to introduce latency and simulate different network conditions to validate the behavior of your mobile application under diverse scenarios.
  • Test the application’s performance and responsiveness under different network conditions to optimize usage.

Device Lab Management

  • Implement a device lab management tool to improve device allocation, reservation, and maintenance processes. These tools provide a centralized platform for managing a diverse fleet of real devices.
  • Utilize the device lab management tool to group devices according to the recurrent features, which will simplify your access to and selection of the right tool when testing.
  • Use features like device reservation, postural automation, and remote device accessibility to improve the devices’ usage by minimizing the cases of non-usage and downtime.
  • Integrate the device lab management tool with your testing framework for device provisioning and execution.

Monitoring and Maintenance

  • Implement monitoring and maintenance procedures to ensure the health and availability of the testing environment.
  • Regularly monitor hardware resources, device connectivity, and network performance to identify and address potential issues.
  • Establish a maintenance schedule for device calibration, battery charging, and software updates to keep the devices in optimal condition for testing.

Selenium Configuration

Configuring Selenium WebDriver properly is essential for effective mobile testing. Here’s how to set up Selenium WebDriver with the appropriate settings for Selenium mobile testing and utilize desired capabilities effectively.

Selenium WebDriver Setup

  • Begin by downloading and installing the Selenium WebDriver client libraries for your programming language of choice.
  • Ensure you have the necessary drivers installed for the mobile browsers you intend to test. For example, ChromeDriver can be used to test Chrome for Android.
  • Set up the WebDriver instance for automated testing to connect to the desired mobile browser.

Desired Capabilities

  • Utilize desired capabilities to specify the parameters required for Selenium mobile testing. These capabilities provide a way to customize the behavior of the WebDriver session.
  • Specify the following desired capabilities relevant to Selenium mobile testing:
  • platformName: Specify the mobile platform (e.g., “Android” or “iOS”).
  • platformVersion: Define the version of the mobile platform.
  • deviceName: Specify the name of the device under test.
  • browserName: Define a mobile browser to be used for testing.
  • orientation: Set the device orientation.
  • udid: Provide the Unique Device Identifier of the device if testing on real devices.
  • app: Specify the path to the mobile application (if testing native apps).

appPackage and appActivity: Define the app’s package name and activity name under test.

  • autoGrantPermissions: Specify whether to grant app permissions automatically.
  • Customize these capabilities based on your specific testing requirements and environment setup.

Remote WebDriver

  • If you’re testing on remote devices or cloud-based testing platforms, configure Selenium WebDriver to connect to the remote WebDriver server by specifying the server URL and desired capabilities.

Selecting the Right Framework

The right testing framework is crucial for efficient and effective Selenium mobile testing. WebDriverIO is a highly suitable choice for mobile automation due to its support and features that are designed for mobile testing.

WebDriverIO offers several advantages for Selenium mobile testing

  • Built-in Mobile Support: WebDriverIO has built-in mobile automation capability, and you can write tests for mobile devices without any further technicalities, such as configurations or plugins.
  • Cross-Platform Compatibility: WebDriverIO is compatible with Android and iOS platforms; hence, you can write tests across multiple mobile operating systems.
  • Native App Testing: WebDriverIO natively supports mobile application testing, ensuring that it is applicable in scenarios where the native user interface has to be automated.
  • Integration with Selenium Grid and Cloud Testing Platforms: WebDriverIO supports Selenium Grid and cloud platforms like LambdaTest to allow multiple devices to execute tests simultaneously and increase the total number of tests.

LambdaTest is an AI-powered test orchestration and execution platform to run manual and automated tests at scale. The platform allows you to perform both real-time and automation testing across 3000+ environments and real mobile devices.

Page Object Model

Implementing the Page Object Model pattern is essential for enhancing the maintainability and reusability of Selenium mobile tests. Here’s how to effectively apply POM to your Selenium mobile testing

  • Page Object Classes: Create separate page object classes for each screen or functionality of the mobile application. Each page object class represents a distinct UI component or page within the application.
  • Encapsulation of UI Elements: Encapsulate the UI elements and their corresponding actions within the page object classes. This abstraction hides the implementation details of the UI from the test scripts to promote cleaner and more maintainable test code.
  • Methods for Interactions: Define methods within the page object classes to perform interactions with the UI elements. These methods should encapsulate the actions required to interact with the page to make test scripts more readable and self-explanatory.
  • Parameterization and Reusability: To automate different scenarios, the page object methods are parameterized. This makes writing test scripts that can be reused and easily adapted to test different scenarios possible without duplicating the code.

Handling Mobile Gestures

Handling mobile gestures is crucial for ensuring comprehensive testing coverage of mobile applications. Selenium provides the TouchActions class for simulating touch gestures like tap, swipe, pinch, and scroll to replicate real user interactions accurately.

To use Selenium’s TouchActions class effectively, follow these steps:

  • Instantiate TouchActions: Create an instance of the TouchActions class within your test script to perform mobile gestures.
  • Perform Gestures: Use the TouchActions method to simulate various touch gestures.
  • tap(element): Simulate tapping on a specific element.
  • longPress(element): Simulate a long press on an element.
  • moveToElement(element): Move to a specific element before performing a gesture.
  • scroll(xOffset, yOffset): Simulate scrolling by specifying the horizontal and vertical offsets.
  • pinch(element): Simulate a pinch gesture on a specific element.
  • doubleTap(element): Simulate a double tap on an element.
  • Verify Gesture Functionality: After performing gestures, verify that all interactive elements respond as expected across different devices and screen sizes.


Synchronization is an important part of selenium mobile automation that enables test cases to handle async behavior, network latency, and page load variations among different devices and network conditions. To ensure stable test execution, implement the following synchronization strategies.

  • Explicit Waits: Add explicit waits to the test script to stop its execution until a condition is met. This condition could be the presence of a specific element, its visibility, or any other expected state. Explicit waits reduce timeouts and enhance test efficiency by ensuring the test waits only as long as necessary.
  • Implicit Waits: Configure implicit waits to set a default maximum time for Selenium to wait for elements to appear on the page before throwing an exception. While implicit waits can simplify test scripts by eliminating the need for explicit waits at every step.
  • Custom Wait Conditions: Implement custom wait conditions designed to meet the specific requirements of your mobile application. For example, you might need to wait for an animation to complete or for data to be loaded dynamically. You can ensure the test script synchronizes with the application’s behavior by defining custom wait conditions.
  • Smart Waits: Smart waits combine implicit and explicit waits to dynamically adjust the wait time based on the application’s responsiveness. Smart waits to adapt to page load times and network latency changes to optimize synchronization for faster test execution without compromising reliability.

Logging and Reporting

Integrating logging mechanisms is essential for capturing detailed test execution information, including device specifics, test steps, and any encountered errors. Logging this data allows you to troubleshoot issues efficiently and gain insights into the test execution process.

Configuring reporting tools enhances test reporting by generating comprehensive reports with visual insights. These reports provide stakeholders with a clear overview of test results, including pass/fail statuses, detailed logs, screenshots, and interactive charts. This enables teams to identify trends, track progress, and make informed decisions regarding application quality and stability. Visual representations within the reports provide easier comprehension of test outcomes and make them valuable assets for project management and collaboration.

Parallel Execution

Utilize parallel execution capabilities provided by Selenium Grid or cloud-based testing platforms to distribute test cases across multiple devices. This approach significantly reduces test execution time, enhances efficiency, and provides faster feedback on the application’s quality. You can maximize resource utilization, optimize test coverage, and accelerate the testing process by using parallel execution to ensure a user experience across various devices and platforms.


Incorporating these best practices into your Selenium mobile testing workflow allows your team to deliver quality mobile applications that meet the expectations of your diverse user base. You can improve the testing process, identify issues early, and ensure a user experience across various mobile devices and platforms.

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